To enjoy large harvests of juniper berries, make sure your juniper receives proper culture. There are many subspecies or varieties of the common juniper ( Juniperous communis).Common juniper is a low shrub that generally grows no more than 3 to 4 feet high but can grow into a 30-foot tree. Juniper berries are small blue “berries” that grow on evergreen shrubs or trees. [7] The outer scales of the berries are relatively flavourless, so the berries are almost always at least lightly crushed before being used as a spice. The ancient Romans, Greeks, and Egyptians were known to have used juniper berries. The largest growth size of a Chinese juniper tree is up to 50 feet in height while the largest Chinese juniper shrub does not grow more than 8 feet in height. There are even people that make small bonsai trees out of the juniper. It thrives on chalk lowland, moorland, in rocky areas and old native-pine woodland. Therefore, these plants often grow in partial shade. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Create small furrows in the soil roughly 6 inches apart and 1 to 2 inches deep. 1982873. Generally found in the Northern hemisphere, Juniper’s berries were used as flavoring agents of whiskey in Scotland in medieval times. On the other hand, the smallest Chinese juniper tree is known to be 10 feet tall while the shrub is as small as 3 feet and under. In addition to J. communis, other edible species include Juniperus drupacea, Juniperus phoenicea, Juniperus deppeana, and Juniperus californica. This cypress family member has been cultivated for centuries because it is easy-to-grow, incredibly hardy to practically every region, and provides gardeners with a year-round ornamental interest for their landscape. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Our plants are cutting-grown from a self-fertile plant, so you can expect berries from a single bush. The berries are a little smaller than regular … Images © protected Woodland Trust. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. They are found in threes around the ridged twigs. Traditional recipes for choucroute garnie, an Alsatian dish of sauerkraut and meats, universally include juniper berries. A Spartan juniper is much larger and grows at a rate of 10 to 18 inches per year. Although they are well-known to the desert and mountainous areas, that is not the only place juniper plants grow. They will grow happily in a range of different soils but prefer it to be slightly on the acidic side. "There are juniper berries all over the place – I've found them growing in Chicago and Scotland – but most of the juniper for the gin trade comes from Italy. Some junipers are given the common name "cedar," including Juniperus virginiana, the "red cedar" that is used widely in cedar drawers and closets. Here are some garden-worthy varieties suitable for urban lots and other common residential landscapes. VAT No. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Juniper berries have a citrusy smell. The plants need full sun and a well drained soil. Place the juniper berries in the solution to … Press a piece of two … Much of the world’s supply of juniper berries are grown in eastern Europe where they are harvested in autumn and dried in the shade to avoid losing the oil. The small, needle-like leaves are green with broad silver bands on the inner side, curving slightly to a sharp, prickly point. A cosy home for wildlife and a gin-drinker’s delight, the juniper is a much-loved evergreen that brightens up the winter months. Juniper berries contain chemicals that might decrease swelling. Juniper Description. The essential oil is also used in aromatherapy and perfumery. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Common juniper is known by a variety of common names but here just two are mentioned, dwarf juniper and prostrate juniper. Look out for: needles that have a single pale band on the upper surface and are grey-green beneath. An elegantly upright plant, the Juniper forms a neat cone of grey-green foliage with berries used to flavour gin. Common juniper is native to the UK, Europe and much of the northern hemisphere. Common juniper is dioecious, meaning that male and female structures grow on separate trees. Unlike the separated and woody scales of a typical pine cone, those in a juniper berry remain fleshy and merge into a unified covering surrounding the seeds. The aromatic wood has a warm, sandy, golden colour and is used for wood turning and carving as well as for burning to smoke food. Limit 2 per member Juniper trees take up to three years to produce full, lush leaves and berries. Because they can tolerate extremely dry conditions, you may have met a juniper even if you live in the city. Before you can plant juniper seeds, you must first extract them from juniper berries, which are the berry-shaped cones that are formed on juniper plants. Previous to these impressive efforts, southern parts of the UK has seen a loss of around 60–70% of the gin plant, mainly because smaller animals and wildlife graze on the tasty berries. They generally grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 10, but this varies depending on the species and cultivar. "Title 21, Chapter I, Subchapter B, Part 182, Electronic Code of Federal Regulations – Substances Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS); section §182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates)", "Juniper: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings",, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 July 2020, at 18:41. Appearance. It is not known exactly why, but it appears that the plants are unable to regenerate successfully, a problem partially attributed to browsing of foliage by deer and rabbits. No matter what purpose you grow Juniper, remember that it needs enough sunlight. [13] In addition to medical and culinary purposes, Native Americans have also used the seeds inside juniper berries as beads for jewellery and decoration. [9] Besides Norwegian and Swedish dishes, juniper berries are also sometimes used in German, Austrian, Czech, Polish and Hungarian cuisine, often with roasts (such as German sauerbraten). Referred to as a Juniper Berry Bark: New growth green, branches reddish, Mature bark grey often with reddish tone and vertical shredding Habitat: Highly varied habitats, scrubland, conifer forests, fields, rocky areas, can withstand very cold temperatures, tolerant of varied soil alkalinity Most people tend to use purple juniper berries more than green berries in cooking. [5] But the berries of some species, such as Juniperus sabina, are toxic and consumption of them is inadvisable. It may be a low, spreading shrub or … [19] The Romans used juniper berries as a cheap domestically produced substitute for the expensive black pepper and long pepper imported from India. It thrives on chalk lowland, moorland, in rocky areas and old native-pine woodland. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. Burning juniper on Walpurgis Night is said to keep witches away. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Junipers grow in most parts of North America. A number of birds eat the fruit, including the fieldfare, song thrush, mistle thrush and ring ouzel. Juniperus species have juvenile foliage that is usually very dense leaves. Recognizing this species can be difficult because it grows in a wide variety of forms. Juniper berries have lots of traditional uses and were associated with love potions. Juniper berries typically form half to two-thirds of the total botanicals in a batch of gin. You may have noticed in that 200 year-old book that it said “a larger … Juniper has been declining throughout the UK in range and abundance. They are used both fresh and dried, but their flavour and odour are at their strongest immediately after harvest and decline during drying and storage. They are … 1. If you are looking for something to do with juniper berries, I suppose you could always follow in Dr. Sylvuis’s footsteps and make your own gin, or bathtub gin, but there are plenty of other ways to impart that unique juniper flavor into foods.